Features of Financial Accounting

Financial accounting is one of the branches of accounting in which the company records all the financial transactions of the financial year and presents it in a systematic way to all the parties interested in the company. It is the most basic and widely used concept all over the world, in order to understand this concept better let’s look at some of the features of financial accounting –

Financial Accounting Features

Excludes Non Monetary Transactions

The first and foremost feature of financial accountancy is that in case of financial accountancy only those transactions are recorded which involves money and hence it excludes non-monetary transactions. For example if company purchase $10 worth of stationary then it will be recorded in the books of accounts, however if the CEO of company dies then its impact is huge still in financial accountancy there will be no record of death of CEO.


Financial accounting preparation is compulsory for the companies and the companies have to make financial statements like profit and loss account, balance sheet etc….., every year unlike management accounting which is not mandatory.

Analysis of the Past

It can be compared to postmortem because in financial accounting only past or historical transactions are recorded and analyzed whereas it does not take into account future transactions no matter how important it is for the business of the company. Hence in a way financial accounting does not help in making any changes because it records and analyses only things which have already happened and we all know that the past cannot be changed it can be only analyzed.

Made for External Parties

It is made for various external parties who are interested in the business of the company; these external parties include parties like creditors who have given the loan to the company, shareholders who have invested their money in the company, income tax authorities for ascertaining the income tax liability of the company and so on.

Based on Concepts and Conventions of Accounting

It is based on concepts and conventions of accounting which have to be followed strictly by the person preparing the final accounts of the company which in turn results in lesser flexibility as one has to go by the rules of accounting while preparing financial accounts.

Basis of other Branches of Accounting

It forms the basis of other branches of accounting like cost accounting, management accounting and also for other advanced accounting methodology as it contains all the first hand or raw data in the books of original entry like journal and ledger, which can be used by other branches of accounting easily.

As one can see from the above that financial accounting has many characteristics or features which are unique to financial accounting and every person who is using accounting should be well versed with the features of financial accounting because financial accounting to accounting people is like water to human body, just like without water human body cannot survive in the same way without learning financial accounting an accountant cannot survive.

0 comments… add one

Leave a Comment

Related pages

demerits of advertisingdividend investopediawho is consignor and consigneenon durable good definitionfdi abbreviationfinal goods vs intermediate goodscashless society advantages and disadvantagesdirect and indirect quotation for exchange ratescost concept of accountingdistinguish between trial balance and balance sheetwhat is the difference between a quota and a tarifffluctuations définitionnegatives of international tradedisadvantages of online bankingwhat is full disclosure principle in accountingprepayments journal entryformula for rocefull form of fmcgindirect quotation exchange ratediversifiable risk refers to risktraditional economy advantages and disadvantagesslr full formdifference between overdraft and term loandeferred revenue entryconsignee agent meaningveblem goodsmarketing skimming definitionadvantages and disadvantages of communism economyadvantages of market segmentationdifferentiate between fixed cost and variable costunbilled accounts receivable journal entryadvantages of a swot analysisglobalisation merits and demeritswhat is the difference between cumulative and noncumulative preferred stockfull form kpmgexplain debenturestrial balance accounting definitioncash in flowadvertising merits and demeritsbenefits of command economyfmcg full formmeaning of trial balancecost concept accountingtypes of factoringaccounting for unearned revenueabsolute advantage international tradeslr and clrbills receivable journal entryexample of substitute goods in economicsdisadvantage of merger and acquisitionmeaning of penetration pricingthe difference between normal and inferior goods is thatadvantages of capitalist economywhat is a debenture loanwhat are the benefits of swot analysisvertical statement analysisexplain capmbarter trade meaningexample of market penetration pricing strategyadvantages and disadvantages of financial institutionscapitalist economy advantageswhat is unearned income in accountingdisadvantages of delegationreducing balance method of depreciationsubstitute goods and complementary goods exampleswhat is crossing of a chequeadvantages of factoringadvantages of a capitalist economymonopolistic competition characteristicsaccounting entry for prepaid expensesare debtors current assetswhat is the difference between accounting and economic profitdirect fx quotewhat does perpetual succession mean